Friday, 26 February 2016

Dark Shade of Red (story about redheads)


Red hair
This article is about people with red hair, who are sometimes called "redheads".
 Cultural reactions have varied from ridicule to admiration; many common stereotypes exist regarding redheads and they are often portrayed as fiery-tempered.
In various times and cultures, red hair has been prized, feared, and ridiculed.
 Beliefs about temperament
A common belief about redheads is that they have fiery tempers and sharp tongues. In Anne of Green Gables, a character says of Anne Shirley, the redheaded heroine, that "her temper matches her hair", while in The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield remarks that "People with red hair are supposed to get mad very easily, but Allie [his dead brother] never did, and he had very red hair."
During the early stages of modern medicine, red hair was thought to be a sign of a sanguine temperament. In the Indian medicinal practice of Ayurveda, redheads are seen as most likely to have a Pitta temperament.
Ayurveda  is suppose to be very old,
 from 1200 years up to (some say) 5000 years old
if it comes from India which varies only in range of dark colouring
 how come they have records on redheads?

 In several countries such as IndiaIranBangladesh and Pakistan, henna and saffron are used on hair to give it a bright red appearance.

This is because Aryan gods in Rig Veda are described as blond and redhead.
They know it.

Demonisation of Red
Another belief is that redheads are highly sexed; for example, Jonathan Swift satirizes redhead stereotypes in part four of Gulliver's Travels, "A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms," when he writes that: "It is observed that the red-haired of both sexes are more libidinous and mischievous than the rest, whom yet they much exceed in strength and activity." Swift goes on to write that "neither was the hair of this brute  of a red colour (which might have been some excuse for an appetite a little irregular) but black as a sloe". Such beliefs were given a veneer of scientific credibility in the 19th century by Cesare Lombroso and Guglielmo Ferrero. They concluded that red hair was associated with crimes of lust, and claimed that 48% of "criminal women" were redheads.
In the novel and film Red-Headed Woman, the titular protagonist is a sexually aggressive home-wrecker who frequently throws violent temper tantrums.

Medieval beliefs

Barbarossa (Redbeard), Ottoman Admiral
Red hair was thought to be a mark of a beastly sexual desire and moral degeneration. A savage red-haired man is portrayed in the fable by Grimm brothers (Der Eisenhans) as the spirit of the forest of iron. Theophilus Presbyter describes how the blood of a red-haired young man is necessary to create gold from copper, in a mixture with the ashes of a basilisk.
Montague Summers, in his translation of the Malleus Maleficarum, notes that red hair and green eyes were thought to be the sign of a witch, a werewolf or a vampire during the Middle Ages;
Those whose hair is red, of a certain peculiar shade, are unmistakably vampires. It is significant that in ancient Egypt, as Manetho tells us, human sacrifices were offered at the grave of Osiris, and the victims were red-haired men who were burned, their ashes being scattered far and wide by winnowing-fans. It is held by some authorities that this was done to fertilize the fields and produce a bounteous harvest, red-hair symbolizing the golden wealth of the corn. But these men were called Typhonians, and were representatives not of Osiris but of his evil rival Typhon, whose hair was red.
Modern-day discrimination
"Carrot head" redirects here. For the French novel, see Poil de carotte.
In his 1885 book 'I Say No', Wilkie Collins wrote
"The prejudice against habitual silence, among the lower order of the people, is almost as inveterate as the prejudice against red hair."
In his 1895 memoir and history The Gurneys of Earlham, Augustus John Cuthbert Hare described an incident of harassment: "The second son, John, was born in 1750. As a boy he had bright red hair, and it is amusingly recorded that one day in the streets of Norwich a number of boys followed him, pointing to his red locks and saying, " Look at that boy ; he's got a bonfire on the top of his head," and that John Gurney was so disgusted that he went to a barber's, had his head shaved, and went home in a wig. He grew up, however, a remarkably attractive-looking young man."
In British English, the words "ginger" or "ginga" are sometimes used to describe red-headed people (and are at times considered insulting), with terms such as "gingerphobia" and "gingerism" used by the British media. In Britain, redheads are also sometimes referred to disparagingly as "carrot tops" and "carrot heads". (The comedian "Carrot Top" uses this stage name.)

"Gingerism" has been compared to racism, although this is widely disputed, and bodies such as the UK Commission for Racial Equality do not monitor cases of discrimination and hate crimes against redheads.

On this note of legal
discrimination  of discrimination  of redheads
it is obvious that in entire recorded His-Story redhead was persecuted, tortured and brought to a level of extinction trough "persecution of Jews" and  "Church inquisition".
To all that studied persecution of witches it must be clear that it was about redheads because it was obvious imidiate mark of the witch with no possibility to save her/himself nor those around them like family and friends.
Same case is with so called persecution of Jews, at least in Europe when you talk about Jews you do not talk about Semites from deserts nor Israel, you talk about specific "race" that probably inhabited entire Europe once upon a time and most likely stems from Neandertalers.
Regardless of what science is trying lately to depict Neandertalers as dark, tons of red curls are still hanging on  the walls of  the  European caves, colour is bright orange-red.
Ancient Ashkenazi are European, same is for Sephards.

Name of Europe self stems from Goddess Europa  who's etymology is "unknown".
South Slavic use to call Europe Jevropa and in old Russian it was Yewroba
around 14th century name of Europe was Jevrodba in Church Slavonic.
Slavic words are branching; if you except obvious "Jew" in begin
you are left with "ROPA"-(P=T=D interchanganble slavic)=ROD or family
 "ROBA"- ROB means a slave
 and "RODBA" is full old slavic word for family
RODB-INA (ina- feminine possesive sufix in plural form)
How come that Slavic word for family ROD or RODB
have been separated into such contradictory MEANings?
(trough grammar made by church)
Etymology of Europe
The etymology of Europe is uncertain.
One theory suggests that it is derived from the Greek εὐρύς (eurus), meaning "wide, broad" and ὤψ/ὠπ-/ὀπτ- (ōps/ōp-/opt-), meaning "eye, face, countenance", hence Eurṓpē, "wide-gazing", "broad of aspect" (compare with glaukōpis (γλαυκῶπις 'grey-eyed') Athena or boōpis (βοὠπις 'ox-eyed') Hera). Broad has been an epithet of Earth herself in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion. Another theory suggests that it is based on a Semitic word such as the Akkadian erebu meaning "to go down, set" (in reference to the sun), cognate to Phoenician 'ereb "evening; west" and Arabic Maghreb, Hebrew ma'arav (see also Erebus, PIE *h1regʷos, "darkness").
From countries in the East it is obvious that Europe is as opposite to Japan as it can be.
Sun sets in Europe from their point of view.
Most major world languages use words derived from "Europa" to refer to the continent.
 Japanese name of the European Union, Ōshū Rengō (欧州連合?), despite the katakana Yōroppa
(ヨーロッパ?) being more commonly used. 
Yōroppa  - there it is again!Ōshū Rengō sound much like "Ox Reign",
well Europe IS equated with a cow. (bovine or 
βοὠπις)
Europa's mother Queen Telephassa ("far-shining") but elsewhere her mother is Argiope ("white-faced"). Other sources, such as the Iliad, claim that she is the daughter of Agenor's son, the "sun-red" Phoenix..
Far shinning and white faced is usually Moon
 Sun red Phoenix is Dawn or Venus-referal to a sunset time, evening star.
Venus is bringer of Dawn and Dusk, shines bright and is red planet with it's own source of light that is due to it's volcanic nature.
Venus sound like Phoenix and Phoenicia and Vinca which does have a red-haired Goddess or few.
Here we are, Demonising of the Venus and the Goddess and all women
once again turning her into a Lucifer
.
Nonetheless, individuals and families in Britain are targeted for harassment and violence because of their hair colour. In 2003, a 20-year-old was stabbed in the back for "being ginger". In 2007, a UK woman won an award from a tribunal after being sexually harassed and receiving abuse because of her red hair; in the same year, a family in Newcastle upon Tyne, was forced to move twice after being targeted for abuse and hate crime on account of their red hair. In May 2009, a schoolboy committed suicide after being bullied for having red hair. In 2013, a fourteen-year-old boy in Lincoln had his right arm broken and his head stamped on by three men who attacked him "just because he had red hair". The three men were subsequently jailed for a combined total of ten years and one month for the attack.
This prejudice has been satirised on a number of TV shows. The British comedian Catherine Tate (herself a redhead) appeared as a red-haired character in a running sketch of her series The Catherine Tate Show. The sketch saw fictional character Sandra Kemp, who was forced to seek solace in a refuge for ginger people because she had been ostracised from society. The British comedy Bo' Selecta! (starring redhead Leigh Francis) featured a spoof documentary which involved a caricature of Mick Hucknall presenting a show in which celebrities (played by themselves) dyed their hair red for a day and went about daily life being insulted by people. (Hucknall, who says that he has repeatedly faced prejudice or been described as ugly on account of his hair colour, argues that Gingerism should be described as a form of racism. Comedian Tim Minchin, himself a redhead, also covered the topic in his song "Prejudice".
Film and television programmes often portray school bullies as having red hair.
The pejorative use of the word "ginger" and related discrimination was used to illustrate a point about racism and prejudice in the "Ginger Kids", "Le Petit Tourette", "It's a Jersey Thing" and "Fatbeard" episodes of South Park. However, children with red hair are often themselves targeted by bullies; "Somebody with ginger hair will stand out from the crowd," says anti-bullying expert Louise Burfitt-Dons.

I say this is downplaying of the problem.
In Australian slang, redheads are often nicknamed "Blue" or "Bluey". More recently, they have been referred to as "rangas" (a word derived from the red-haired ape, the orangutan), sometimes with derogatory connotations. The word "rufus" has been used in both Australian and British slang to refer to red-headed people; based on a variant of rufous, a reddish-brown color.
In November 2008 social networking website Facebook received criticism after a 'Kick a Ginger' group, which aimed to establish a "National Kick a Ginger Day" on 20 November, acquired almost 5,000 members. A 14-year-old boy from Vancouver who ran the Facebook group was subjected to an investigation by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police for possible hate crimes.
In December 2009 British supermarket chain Tesco withdrew a Christmas card which had the image of a child with red hair sitting on the lap of Santa Claus, and the words: "Santa loves all kids. Even ginger ones" after customers complained the card was offensive.
In October 2010, Harriet Harman, the former Equality Minister in the British government under Labour, faced accusations of prejudice after she described the red-haired Treasury secretary Danny Alexander as a "ginger rodent". Alexander responded to the insult by stating that he was "proud to be ginger". Harman was subsequently forced to apologise for the comment, after facing criticism for prejudice against a minority group.
In September 2011, Cryos International, one of the world's largest sperm banks, announced that it would no longer accept donations from red-haired men due to low demand from women seeking artificial insemination.

Use of term in Singapore and Malaysia
-trough invading English ,no doubt.
oh and btw English took care to smudge and acuse Irish of terrorism while they themselves have been inslaving Irish, Scottish and Welsh (gingers) for milenias.
Unspeakable attrocities are done to Irish especialy!
(Irish women was sold as a cattle on market in New World, todays America)
The term ang mo (Chinese: 红毛; pinyin: hóng máo; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: âng-mo͘) in Hokkien (Min Nan) Chinese means "red-haired", and is used in Malaysia and Singapore to refer to white people. The epithet is sometimes rendered as ang mo kui (红毛鬼) meaning "red-haired devil", similar to the Cantonese term gweilo ("foreign devil"). Thus it is viewed as racist and derogatory by some people.Others, however, maintain it is acceptable.Despite this ambiguity, it is a widely used term. It appears, for instance, in Singaporean newspapers such as The Straits Times,and in television programmes and films.
The Chinese characters for ang mo are the same as those in the historical Japanese term Kōmō (紅毛), which was used during the Edo period (1603–1868) as an epithet for Dutch or Northern European people. It primarily referred to Dutch traders who were the only Europeans allowed to trade with Japan during Sakoku, its 200-year period of isolation.
Dutch are primarily blonde to brown, only some are ginger.

Middle English gingere, alteration of gingivere, from late Old English gingifer, gingiber (influenced by Old French gingibre), from Medieval Latin gingiber, zingeber, from Latin zingiberi, from Late Greek ζιγγίβερις ‎(zingíberis), from Middle Indic (compare Pali siṅgivera, Sanskrit शृङ्गवेर ‎(śṛṅgavera)) (influenced by शृङ्गं ‎(śṛṅgaṃ) ‘horn’), from Old Tamil [script needed] ‎(iṅci) [script needed] ‎(vēr), literally, ‘ginger root’ (mod. Tamil இஞ்சி ‎(iñci, “ginger”) வேர் ‎(vēr, “root”))
Cockney rhyming slang: ginger beer = queer
(Britain, Cockney rhyming slang) a homosexual.
śṛṅgavera  is AKBAR  which is achiever or someone that aspires -in short it would be breatheµ
Ginger in sanskrit;
आर्द्रक Ardraka n. ginger
शुण्ठी Zunthi f. dry ginger
Ardraka is a star in Orion belt,  Betelgeuse, i
n Rig Vedas Ārdrā translates to "green" or "the moist one"
(this is Earth self, red clay of creation rings any bells?)
Zunthi is a same word as Xanta which is very similar to Xanthoi-ancient term for redhaired.
Akbar
An arabic word which literally translates to mean Great; The root word for Akbar is Kabir which means the same thing but is particularly applied towards one of the attributes of God, and means "The Greatest." Akbar on the other hand simply means Great. 

Kabir 

Kabiri in ancient world have been ginger priests in the Temple of Artemis and Kybele.
This temples  of old Mother Goddess have been called " Synagogues of Satan"
The synagogue of Satan is mentioned twice in Revelation, once in Jesus’ letter to the first-century church in Smyrna and once to the church in Philadelphia. In both cases, the synagogue of Satan is opposed to the mission and message of the church.

To the church in Smyrna, Jesus says, “I know your afflictions and your poverty—yet you are rich! I know about the slander of those who say they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan” (Revelation 2:9).

To the church of Philadelphia in Asia Minor, Jesus says, “I will make those who are of the synagogue of Satan, who claim to be Jews though they are not, but are liars—I will make them come and fall down at your feet and acknowledge that I have loved you” (Revelation 3:9).

In short, the synagogue of Satan was a group of unbelieving Jews who were persecuting Christians. These groups were guilty of slandering the church in Smyrna and opposing the church in Philadelphia in some way.
Well, yay for these ancient Jews!
I wish they succeded in destruction of Christianity. (as we know it today)
Red is colour of blood, do not forget this.


 As redhead myself of christian family first time I realised I'm different and targeted was when I was a small child. From being compared to a pink worm to a freak and fury, devil, witch that should be killed at birth "if I was born only 100 years ago"!
Sure I was admired too,
old aunties called on Menrva (Minerva) to protect me,
other children called me for protection from bullies, fearless, right that! :)
and men was always intrigued with my looks and temper.
Truth is I had always had redhaired friends because we do have unmatched temper!
Walking, climbing, rocking and rolling all over, restless and curious, fearless to some extend too, fear tends to grow on you with age, after some unpleasant experiences, normal, I guess...
I started reading at age of 9 everywhere...anything and as far as I can recolect my memories a lot have been written on redheads, some books stated that we stink even!
I don't know why are we so demonised but I will be damned if I don't try to find out!

Yours,
Red Echo!




Tomb of Ramose TT55, Luxor West Bank, Dynasty XVIII
Funeral scene
redhaired in the middle




1700 mummies found near Cairo. 
All of them are white skinned, blondes and redheads, but buried separately!


www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2877855/Cemetery-one-MILLION-mummies-unearthed-Egypt-1-500-year-old-desert-necropolis-largest-found.html



Religious and mythological traditions
In the Iliad, Achilles' hair is described as ξανθς (ksanthēs), usually translated as blonde, or golden[91] but sometimes as red or tawny. His son Neoptolemus also bears the name Pyrrhus, a possible reference to his own red hair.
The Norse god Thor is usually described as having red hair.

Mary Magdalene is commonly portrayed with long red hair, as in this painting by Anthony Frederick Augustus Sandys
The Hebrew word usually translated "ruddy" or "reddish-brown" (admoni אדמוני, from the root ADM אדם, see also Adam and Edom) was used to describe both Esau and David.
Early artistic representations of Mary Magdalene usually depict her as having long flowing red hair, although a description of her hair color was never mentioned in the Bible, and it is possible the color is an effect caused by pigment degradation in the ancient paint.
Judas Iscariot is also represented with red hair in Spanish culture and in the works of William Shakespeare, reinforcing the negative stereotype.




Redhaired Thracian

Unique Thracian mask, that was stolen from Plovdiv museum in 1996 was discovered and returned back. The mask belonged to a Thracian nobleman and is made from silver. It was found inside his tomb in Kamenitsa Bulgaria in 1905. There are only three such masks in the world, one is kept in the Louvre museum and one in the national museum in Italy.


 Red hair occurs naturally in 1–2% of the human population. It occurs more frequently (2–6%) in people of northern or western European ancestry, and less frequently in other populations. Red hair appears most commonly in people with two copies of a recessive allele on chromosome 16 which produces an altered version of the MC1R protein.
Red hair varies from a deep burgundy through burnt orange to bright copper. It is characterized by high levels of the reddish pigment pheomelanin and relatively low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin. The term redhead has been in use since at least 1510. It is associated with fair skin color, lighter eye colors (gray, blue, green, and hazel), freckles, and sensitivity to ultraviolet light.
Woman with red hair, Papua New Guinea. Melanesians have a significant incidence of fair hair, caused by a genetic mutation different from European blond and red hair.
Several accounts by Greek writers mention redheaded people. A fragment by the poet Xenophanes describes the Thracians as blue-eyed and red-haired.
In Asia, red hair has been found among the ancient Tocharians, who occupied the Tarim Basin in what is now the northwesternmost province of China. Caucasian Tarim mummies have been found with red hair dating to the 2nd millennium BC.
Red hair is also found amongst Polynesians, and is especially common in some tribes and family groups. In Polynesian culture red hair has traditionally been seen as a sign of descent from high-ranking ancestors and a mark of rulership.
Modern
North and West Europe
Today, red hair is most commonly found at the northern and western fringes of Europe?
it is associated particularly with people in the British Isles (although Victorian era[citation needed] ethnographers consider the Udmurt people of the Volga to be "the most red-headed men in the world").

In Scotland, 10% of the population have red hair and approximately 35% carry the recessive redhead gene. In Ireland, as many as 10% of the population have red, auburn, or strawberry blond hair. It is thought that up to 46% of the Irish population carry the recessive redhead gene.[citation needed] A 1956 study of hair color amongst British army recruits found high levels of red hair in Wales and the English Border counties.
Eastern and Southern Europe
Carleton Coon's 1939 book The Races of Europe stated that rufosity often occurred in Montenegrins. At the time around 26% of Montenegrins had reddish brown hair with noticeably lighter beards: around 43% of them had reddish brown beard, while 8% of them had pure red beards. Noticeable freckling (trait associated with red hair and rufosity) occurred in about 25% of the population.
In Southern Italy he wrote that 16% of the population at that time had red, reddish brown or auburn hair. Noticeable freckling occurred in about 10% of the population.
Mediterranean
The Berber populations of Morocco and northern Algeria have occasional redheads. Red hair frequency is especially significant among the Riffians from Morocco and Kabyles from Algeria, whose frequence reaches 10% and 4%, respectively. The Queen of Morocco, Lalla Salma wife of king Mohammed VI, has red hair. Abd ar-Rahman I also had red hair, his mother being a Christian Berber slave.
Red hair is also found amongst the Ashkenazi Jewish populations. In European culture, prior to the 20th century, red hair was often seen as a stereotypically Jewish trait: during the Spanish Inquisition, all those with red hair were identified as Jewish. In Italy, red hair was associated with Italian Jews, and Judas was traditionally depicted as red-haired in Italian and Spanish art. Writers from Shakespeare to Dickens would identify Jewish characters by giving them red hair. The stereotype that red hair is Jewish remains in parts of Eastern Europe and Russia.
Asia
In Asia, genetic red hair is rare, but can be found in the Levant (CyprusSyriaLebanonJordanIsrael and Palestine), in Turkey, in Caucasia, in Northern Kazakhstan, among Uighurs and among Indo-Iranians. The use of henna on hair and skin for various reasons is common in Asia. When henna is used on hair it dyes the hair to different shades of red.
 Americas, Oceania and South Africa
Emigration from Eurasia and North Africa added to the population of red haired humans in the AmericasAustraliaNew Zealand and Southern Africa. In the United States, it is estimated that 2–6% of the population has red hair. This would give the U.S. the largest population of redheads in the world, at 6 to 18 million, compared to approximately 650,000 in Scotland and 420,000 in Ireland.


Dmutlar - Udmurtok - Udmurts - Удмурты
Udmurt resettlement area in the Volga-Ural region of Russia are the "most red-headed" people in the World.
The Udmurts are a people who speak the Udmurt language. In the course of history, Russian-speakers have referred to them as Chud Otyatskaya (чудь отяцкая), Otyaks, Wotyaks or Votyaks (the most-known name). Tatar-speakers call the Udmurts Ar.

The ancient Macedonian historian Herodotus described the long-extinct Budini tribe, possible relatives of the modern Udmurts, as predominantly red-headed.





Genetics
 The pigment pheomelanin gives red hair its distinctive color. Red hair has far more of the pigment pheomelanin than it has of the dark pigment eumelanin.
The genetics of red hair, discovered in 1997, appear to be associated with the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R), which is found on chromosome 16. Red hair is associated with fair skin color because low concentrations of eumelanin throughout the body of those with red hair caused by a MC1R mutation can cause both. The lower melanin concentration in skin confers the advantage that a sufficient concentration of important Vitamin D can be produced under low light conditions. However, when UV-radiation is strong (as in regions close to the equator) the lower concentration of melanin leads to several medical disadvantages, such as a higher risk of skin cancer.
The MC1R recessive variant gene that gives people red hair and non-tanning skin is also associated with freckles, though it is not uncommon to see a redhead without freckles. Eighty percent of redheads have an MC1R gene variant, and the prevalence of these alleles is highest in Scotland and Ireland.
Red hair can originate from several changes on the MC1R-gene. If one of these changes is present on both chromosomes then the respective individual is likely to have red hair. This type of inheritance is described as an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. Even if both parents do not have red hair themselves, both can be carriers for the gene and have a redheaded child.
Genetic studies of dizygotic (fraternal) twins indicate that the MC1R gene is not solely responsible for the red hair phenotype; unidentified modifier genes exist, making variance in the MC1R gene necessary, but not always sufficient, for red hair production.

The alleles Arg151Cys, Arg160Trp, Asp294His, and Arg142His on MC1R are shown to be recessives for the red hair phenotype. The gene HCL2 (also called RHC or RHA) on chromosome 4 may also be related to red hair.
In species other than primates, red hair has different genetic origins and mechanisms.

Origins
Red hair is the rarest natural hair color in humans. The non-tanning skin associated with red hair may have been advantageous in far-northern climates where sunlight is scarce. Studies by Bodmer and Cavalli-Sforza (1976) hypothesized that lighter skin pigmentation prevents rickets in colder climates by encouraging higher levels of Vitamin D production and also allows the individual to retain heat better than someone with darker skin. In 2000, Harding et al. concluded that red hair was not the result of positive selection and instead proposed that it occurs because of a lack of negative selection. In Africa, for example, red hair is selected against because high levels of sun would be harmful to untanned skin. However, in Northern Europe this does not happen, so redheads come about through genetic drift.
Estimates on the original occurrence of the currently active gene for red hair vary from 20,000 to 100,000 years ago.
A DNA study has concluded that some Neanderthals also had red hair, although the mutation responsible for this differs from that which causes red hair in modern humans.
Extinction hoax
See also: Disappearing blonde gene
A 2007 report in The Courier-Mail, which cited the National Geographic magazine and unnamed "geneticists", said that red hair is likely to die out in the near future. Other blogs and news sources ran similar stories that attributed the research to the magazine or the "Oxford Hair Foundation". However, a HowStuffWorks article says that the foundation was funded by hair-dye maker Procter & Gamble, and that other experts had dismissed the research as either lacking in evidence or simply bogus. The National Geographic article in fact states "while redheads may decline, the potential for red isn't going away".
Red hair is caused by a relatively rare recessive gene, the expression of which can skip generations. It is not likely to disappear at any time in the foreseeable future.
Medical implications of the red hair gene
Melanoma
Melanin in the skin aids UV tolerance through suntanning, but fair-skinned persons lack the levels of melanin needed to prevent UV-induced DNA-damage. Studies have shown that red hair alleles in MC1R increase freckling and decrease tanning ability. It has been found that Europeans who are heterozygous for red hair exhibit increased sensitivity to UV radiation.
Red hair and its relationship to UV sensitivity are of interest to many melanoma researchers. Sunshine can both be good and bad for a person's health and the different alleles on MC1R represent these adaptations. It also has been shown that individuals with pale skin are highly susceptible to a variety of skin cancers such as melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.
Pain tolerance and injury
Two studies have demonstrated that people with red hair have different sensitivity to pain compared to people with other hair colors. One study found that people with red hair are more sensitive to thermal pain (associated with naturally occurring low vitamin K levels), while another study concluded that redheads are less sensitive to pain from multiple modalities, including noxious stimuli such as electrically induced pain.
Researchers have found that people with red hair require greater amounts of anesthetic. Other research publications have concluded that women with naturally red hair require less of the painkiller pentazocine than do either women of other hair colors or men of any hair color. A study showed women with red hair had a greater analgesic response to that particular pain medication than men. A follow-up study by the same group showed that men and women with red hair had a greater analgesic response to morphine-6-glucuronide.
The unexpected relationship of hair color to pain tolerance appears to exist because redheads have a mutation in a hormone receptor that can apparently respond to at least two types of hormones: the pigmentation-driving melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), and the pain-relieving endorphins. (Both derive from the same precursor molecule, POMC, and are structurally similar.) Specifically, redheads have a mutated melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene that produces an altered receptor for MSH. Melanocytes, the cells that produce pigment in skin and hair, use the MC1R to recognize and respond to MSH from the anterior pituitary gland. Melanocyte-stimulating hormone normally stimulates melanocytes to make black eumelanin, but if the melanocytes have a mutated receptor, they will make reddish pheomelanin instead. MC1R also occurs in the brain, where it is one of a large set of POMC-related receptors that are apparently involved not only in responding to MSH, but also in responses to endorphins and possibly other POMC-derived hormones. Though the details are not clearly understood, it appears that there is some crosstalk between the POMC hormones; this may explain the link between red hair and pain tolerance.
There is little or no evidence to support the belief that people with red hair have a higher chance than people with other hair colors to hemorrhage or suffer other bleeding complications. One study, however, reports a link between red hair and a higher rate of bruising.

Red hair of pathological origin
Most red hair is caused by the MC1R gene and is non-pathological. However, in rare cases red hair can be associated with disease or genetic disorder:
In cases of severe malnutrition, normally dark human hair may turn red or blonde. The condition, part of a syndrome known as kwashiorkor, is a sign of critical starvation caused chiefly by protein deficiency, and is common during periods of famine.
One variety of albinism (Type 3, aka rufous albinism), sometimes seen in Africans and inhabitants of New Guinea, results in red hair and red-colored skin.
Red hair is found on people lacking pro-opiomelanocortin.


Fashion and art

"The Accolade" by Edmund Blair Leighton
Queen Elizabeth I of England was a redhead, and during the Elizabethan era in England, red hair was fashionable for women.
Sometimes, red hair darkens as people get older, becoming a more brownish color or losing some of its vividness. This leads some to associate red hair with youthfulness, a quality that is generally considered desirable.
Many painters have exhibited a fascination with red hair. The hair color "Titian" takes its name from the artist Titian, who often painted women with red hair. Early Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli's famous painting The Birth of Venus depicts the mythological goddess Venus as a redhead. Other painters notable for their redheads include the Pre-Raphaelites, Edmund Leighton, Modigliani, and Gustav Klimt.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's story The Red-Headed League involves a man who is asked to become a member of a mysterious group of red-headed people. The 1943 film DuBarry Was a Lady featured red-heads Lucille Ball and Red Skelton in Technicolor.




Author; JJP Anna Zaleska

Remember when I wrote how women used to be named after those small animals, Weasels, Łasica? In Hungary they were Menyet, in Italy - Donnola, in the old Poland young woman was called Kuna, Weasel. 
I thought that maybe it had something to do with the animal's color - weasels are often red, ruddy. Just like women used to be called "Białka" - and Białka (Biełka) is the russian name of similar animals - Squirrels. Squirrels from the north have white fur, that's why "Bialka" - from the colour bialy. 

Red squirrel in slavic is Wiewiór, Werwera, Ververica and similar. And it turns out that in latin weasels- Mustela, were also called like our squirrels - Viverra.

What is interesting, 'uncivilised barbarians' in greek were called Barbar/os and in neo-greek they were called Warwar. But Warwar is our name for squirrels and the similarity is even more striking when we look at the old persian name for squirrel - "Warwara", it's exactly the same.

I think that the name Barbarian is connected to Warwara and both are connected to a reddish color. We have plenty of examples where entire groups of people are called after animals, like in case of women - weasels.

I checked if there was any linguistic link between the stem WR/BR - as in Barbarian/Warwara/Ververa and the color ruddy. And there are many indeed:

BURRUS in latin is a "fox-like color", ruddy. Bury in polish.

BORdo and BURgund is reddish brown (name of a red wine is also BoRdeaux)
BRązowy is brownish

BRoczyt, BRocz, BRoszt, BRot, BRunet, BERas - among Slavs all these refer to red/brownish. BRotić in czech is "czerwienit sie".
RaBarbar, BURak, BARszt refer to red plants in polish.

PUR-PUR-RA, purple is red. And it resembles 'barbarian' in Linear B, written as pa-pa-ro.

And look at the north african ruddy Ber-bers. It's the same thing and it seems all of it, Barbar, Berber, Purpur, Werwer (squirrel) come from the same stem (I don't get why the doubled sound though). 


In slavic there is another term which bears the same stem (BR/VR) and is connected to colour, it's BARWA. 

BARWITI (Barwić) means 'to dye', BARWNY - Colorful; Barwinek is a plant used for dyeing. Barwica was a name used for 'lipstick'. 
The term seems to relate to many different colours, it's very meaning today means just that, "Colour" in general. 
('Barwa' was known as 'Varwe' amongst germans and today it's changed into Farbe, Farbowati etc.). 


I think that all those slavic words based on BR which relate to red, brown, blood etc. are linked or derive from PR which we see in names relating to fire, hotness, burning - Piro, Parzyć, Par, Piernik, Piper, Perz, Perun and similar. I have seen this similarity in other stems relating both to fire and color red.

Wednesday, 24 February 2016

Great Sphinx of Egypt and War of Genders





Great Sphinx comparison with Khafre have a quite tragic background of deliberate missinterpretation of ancient cultures.

Sphinx is older than Khafre, 

nobody knows how old Sphinx really is.
Hor Em Akhets Legs are in the Ka position.
Underneath 
Hor Em Akhets
 right ear is the Medu Neter for One God,
It is a stroke for One, and an ax for Neter/ God,
inside a square(house) for Home or birth.
Hor Em Akhets
 is more older than Khafres Temple.
way older!

 T extension in the Egyptian name.
name of the Sphinx is Horemakhet or HR M Kh't.

This T at the end is feminine sufix that probably represents boob and not loaf of bread as linguists propose. I base this on all recorded names in Egypt, their grammar which clearly distincts male and female and also loads of male rulers that assumed "boobs" on their statues. (but they don't have T extension in the name) Boobs are a big deal, they are life, strenght, immunity, food for each and every living being.
In a land that had bread for currency this is very normal way of thinking.
It is a BIG DEAL, both bread and mothers milk and this last is what will make some think about things.


 Name of the Great Sphinx 


Ammit MMt

Tutankhamun
as I supposed before not just Tut's face is completely feminine but "his" name also.


Nefertiti means literarly NFR-pretty TT-boobs!



Au SeTa or isis
she have an egg extra beside boob





male - female grammar in egypt





god Hapis or Apis with boobs.
(he is far from being only one).